Einstein saves the quantum cat

Einstein’s theory of time and space will celebrate its 100th anniversary this year. Even today it captures the imagination of scientists. In an international collaboration, researchers from the universities of Vienna, Harvard and Queensland have now discovered that this world-famous theory can explain yet another puzzling phenomenon: the transition from quantum behavior to our classical, everyday world. Their results are published in the journal Nature Physics.

In 1915 Albert Einstein formulated the theory of general relativity which fundamentally changed our understanding of gravity. He explained gravity as the manifestation of the curvature of space and time. Einstein’s theory predicts that the flow of time is altered by mass. This effect, known as “gravitational time dilation”, causes time to be slowed down near a massive object. It affects everything and everybody; in fact, people working on the ground floor will age slower than their colleagues a floor above, by about 10 nanoseconds in one year. This tiny effect has actually been confirmed in many experiments with very precise clocks. Now, a team of researchers from the University of Vienna, Harvard University and the University of Queensland have discovered that the slowing down of time can explain another perplexing phenomenon: the transition from quantum behavior to our classical, everyday world.

Quantum theory, the other major discovery in physics in the early 20th century, predicts that the fundamental building blocks of nature show fascinating and mind-boggling behavior. Extrapolated to the scales of our everyday life quantum theory leads to situations such as the famous example of Schroedinger’s cat: the cat is neither dead nor alive, but in a so-called quantum superposition of both. Yet such a behavior has only been confirmed experimentally with small particles and has never been observed with real-world cats. Therefore, scientists conclude that something must cause the suppression of quantum phenomena on larger, everyday scales. Typically this happens because of interaction with other surrounding particles.The research team, headed by ?aslav Brukner from the University of Vienna and the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, found that time dilation also plays a major role in the demise of quantum effects. They calculated that once the small building blocks form larger, composite objects – such as molecules and eventually larger structures like microbes or dust particles -, the time dilation on Earth can cause a suppression of their quantum behavior. The tiny building blocks jitter ever so slightly, even as they form larger objects. And this jitter is affected by time dilation: it is slowed down on the ground and speeds up at higher altitudes. The researchers have shown that this effect destroys the quantum superposition and, thus, forces larger objects to behave as we expect in everyday life.

“It is quite surprising that gravity can play any role in quantum mechanics”, says Igor Pikovski, who is the lead author of the publication and is now working at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics: “Gravity is usually studied on astronomical scales, but it seems that it also alters the quantum nature of the smallest particles on Earth”. “It remains to be seen what the results imply on cosmological scales, where gravity can be much stronger”, adds ?aslav Brukner. The results of Pikovski and his co-workers reveal how larger particles lose their quantum behavior due to their own composition, if one takes time dilation into account. This prediction should be observable in experiments in the near future, which could shed some light on the fascinating interplay between the two great theories of the 20th century, quantum theory and general relativity. Source: Einstein saves the quantum cat

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Einstein saves the quantum cat

  1. LEE SALEN-GA says:

    LEE SALEN-GA A PILIPINO AMATEUR SCIENTIST HAVE CREATED A NEW QUANTUM PARADOX TO REPLACE THE SCHRODINGER CAT PARADOX; CALLED THE [ SALEN-GA GLOBALLY ROUND AND SIMULTANEOUSLY LOCALLY FLAT PARADOX ] STABLE AND BOTH TRUE FOR BOTH QUANTUM DUALITY STATES OF YES/ALIVE AND DEAD/NO. THE PARADOX IS BASED ON HENRY POINCARE’ S RELATIVITY OF SIMULTANEITY WHICH STATE THAT: A PHENOMENA IN NATURE AND IT’ S ANTI-THESIS CAN BE PERCEIVED AS BOTH PHYSICALLY TRUE AT THE SAME TIME.
    EINSTEIN CANNOT SAVE THE QUANTUM CAT SIMPLY BECAUSE HE DOES NOT BELIEVE IN THE 16 DIRECTIONS OF THE COMPASS BEING ALL TRUE TO 16 DIFFERENT PERSONS AT THE SAME TIME, DEPENDING ON WHERE THE OBSERVER IS. HE IS A STEADY STATE THEORIST AND DID NOT BELIEVE THE UNIVERSE EXPANDS UNTIL THE UNDENIABLE DOPPLER RED SHIFT IN COLOR FREQUENCY WAS THOUGHT OF BY ONE OF HIS CONTEMPORARY, AND IT SHOULD HAVE STOPPED HIM FROM CHEATING IN ADDING HIS “ANTI HUBBLE” CONSTANT WHICH SHOWED HE WAS DIVIDING BY ZERO WHICH WAS NOT PERMITTED IN NON QUANTUM GEOMETRY MATHEMATICS.

  2. LEE SALEN-GA says:

    ***********(EDITED)LEE SALEN-GA A PILIPINO AMATEUR SCIENTIST HAVE CREATED A NEW QUANTUM PARADOX TO REPLACE THE SCHRODINGER CAT PARADOX; CALLED THE [ SALEN-GA GLOBALLY ROUND AND SIMULTANEOUSLY LOCALLY FLAT EARTH PARADOX ] STABLE AND BOTH TRUE FOR BOTH QUANTUM DUALITY STATES OF YES/ALIVE AND DEAD/NO. THE PARADOX IS BASED ON HENRY POINCARE’ S RELATIVITY OF SIMULTANEITY WHICH STATE THAT: A PHENOMENA IN NATURE AND IT’ S ANTI-THESIS CAN BE PERCEIVED AS BOTH PHYSICALLY TRUE AT THE SAME TIME.
    EINSTEIN CANNOT SAVE THE QUANTUM CAT SIMPLY BECAUSE HE DOES NOT BELIEVE IN THE 16 DIRECTIONS OF THE COMPASS BEING ALL TRUE TO 16 DIFFERENT PERSONS AT THE SAME TIME, DEPENDING ON WHERE THE OBSERVER IS. HE IS A STEADY STATE THEORIST AND DID NOT BELIEVE THE UNIVERSE EXPANDS UNTIL THE UNDENIABLE DOPPLER RED SHIFT IN COLOR FREQUENCY WAS THOUGHT OF BY ONE OF HIS CONTEMPORARY, AND IT SHOULD HAVE STOPPED HIM FROM CHEATING IN ADDING HIS “ANTI HUBBLE” CONSTANT WHICH SHOWED HE WAS DIVIDING BY ZERO WHICH WAS NOT PERMITTED IN NON QUANTUM GEOMETRY MATHEMATICS.

  3. LEE SALEN-GA says:

    THE PRESERVATION OF SUPERPOSITION WHICH SHOWS THE CAT CANNOT BE BOTH ALIVE AND DEAD AT THE SAME TIME ONLY SAVED SCHRODINGER NOT THE CAT FROM EMBARASSMENT BY ADMITTING ON THE PART OF THE SCIENCE COMMUNITY THAT THE SUPERPOSITION IS ONLY THEORETICAL BUT NOT TRUE IN NATURE, LIKE THE DISCOVERY OF LEE SALEN-GA THAT THE POINT OF TANGENCY OF A STRAIGHT LINE TO A CIRCLE HAS A PHYSICAL DIAMETER THAT IS THE FLAT SEA HORIZON SEEN AT THE BEACH FOR THE PLANET EARTH. A POINCARE CONJECTURE FISH SCALE LOOP WITH THE OBSERVER AT THE CENTER WITH A DIAMETER OF 2RADIUS =3.1 X2= 6.2 FLAT MILES WITH THE OBSERVER AT THE CENTER OF THE POINCARE CONJECTURE LOOP. LEE SALEN-GA HAVE SINCE THEN
    RE-DEFINED THE CIRCLE AS : CIRCLE- A SERIES OF MINI STRAIGHT FLAT LINES WITH A COMMON EQUIDISTANT POINT CALLED A CENTER.
    OBSERVING AN ANGLE MEASURING PROTRACTOR SHOWS THAT IT’ S DIVISIONS ARE STRAIGHT AND FLAT AS SHORT LOCAL LINE GRADUATIONS.

Leave a Comment (email & website optional)