For nearly 4,000 years, the Great Pyramid was the tallest building in the world, but what was the next tallest?
Standing at approximately 160m, Lincoln Cathedral claimed the title of tallest man-made structure in the 1300s. Building began around 1088, in the Norman period, under the supervision of Bishop Remigius, but the tower that would push it above the Great Pyramid would not be raised until the early 14th century.
Lincoln Cathedral’s path towards being on top of the world was a rocky one. Parts of the building were rebuilt after a fire in 1141 destroyed the roof, and a huge earthquake in 1185 caused substantial damage. The building was described as being split in two. It required extensive construction work, begun by the new bishop, Hugh de Burgundy. Then between 1307 and 1311, the central tower was raised with a spire topping it, making it the largest structure. It would remain as such for over 200 years, when, in 1549, the spire collapsed during a storm. Edited from What overtook the Great Pyramid of Giza as the tallest manmade structure?.