Three scientists whose research on the immune system opened up new avenues for prevention and treatment of infections, cancer and inflammations won the Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday.
American Bruce Beutler and French scientist Jules Hoffmann shared the prestigious 10 million-kronor ($1.5 million) award with Canadian-born Ralph Steinman, the Nobel committee at Stockholm Karolinska institute said. Beutler and Hoffmann were cited “for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity.” Steinman was honored for “his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity.”
“Their work has opened up new avenues for the development of prevention and therapy against infections, cancer and inflammatory disease,” the citation said.
The medicine announcement will be followed in the coming days by announcements for prizes in chemistry, physics, literature, peace and economics.