Meyer Guggenheim (February 1, 1828 – March 15, 1905) was the patriarch of what became known as the Guggenheim family. He was born in Lengnau, Aargau, Switzerland, was of German Jewish ancestry and emigrated to the United States in 1847. He started out in the importing business, but made his and his family’s fortune in mining and smelting. He and his wife Barbara had ten surviving children. Five of his seven sons were active in the family businesses:
The Guggenheim family refers to a number of descendants of Meyer Guggenheim who were known for their global successes and for possessing one of the largest fortunes in the world, and later for their philanthropy in diverse areas such as modern art and aviation, including several Guggenheim Museums as well as the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory and I. M. Pei’s Guggenheim Pavilion at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City. The Guggenheim family was a Swiss emigrant family of Jewish ancestry to United States. They sold off their global mining interests following World War I. Later, nitrate mines were purchased in Chile and with new techniques, their operations began to compete with German nitrate produced by the Haber process. Metal mining, for example copper, continued in the United States.